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This Report at a Glance

The History of Electric Deregulation in Texas tells the story of Senate Bill 7, the deregulation law, from the very beginning. This report is an updated version of a similar report released to the Texas Legislature in 2009. This report is organized chronologically, with a preliminary section describing the years prior to passage of SB 7. Separate annual sections, beginning with 1999, describe key deregulation milestones every year since lawmakers adopted SB 7.

  • An interactive table of contents can be found at the top of each page. Front and back buttons allow easy navigation. Each of the charts can be expanded for better viewing.
  • Deregulated Electricity in Texas includes a number of subsections that highlight key issues. These subsections are interspersed chronologically throughout the report. For example, subsections include one describing Enron’s activities at the formation of the deregulated market (in the 2001 chapter), and one describing stranded costs awards (in the 2011 chapter). These subsections have blue backgrounds and are located along the right-hand margins of most pages.
  • A description of the key components of Senate Bill 7 can be found in Appendix A. There are several other appendices, including those describing ERCOT, electricity complaints and utility unbundling.
  • Deregulated Electricity in Texas includes charts and graphs that describe electric prices and complaint data. The charts also examine the effect of natural gas generation on the market, compare prices in regulated states versus deregulated states, and compare price increases among all states over time.

You can find the table of contents here and at the top of each page.

About TCAP

The Texas Coalition for Affordable Power (“TCAP”), a political subdivision corporation, enjoys a unique vantage point within the state’s deregulated electricity market. Originally two separate non-profit corporations — the Cities Aggregation Power Project and the South Texas Aggregation Project — TCAP pools together the resources of its more than 160 member political subdivisions to purchase electricity in bulk for the needs of local government authorities.

TCAP members purchase in excess of 1.3 billion kilowatt-hours of power each year for street lighting, office buildings, water plants and other municipal needs. An increase by even a single penny in electric rates can cost cities millions of dollars — money that can impact municipal budgets and the ability to fund essential services. High electric prices also can impact the welfare of city residents. TCAP wants what all Texans want: a fair system for delivering electricity.

For more information about TCAP, please visit

  02 — Executive Summary »